The interest on the debt was reduced from 52 million to 24 million livres. With Louvois he reformed the army and enjoyed a string of military victories.
The Jansenist convents of Port-Royal were closedand in the pope issued, at Louis's request, the anti-Jansenist bull Unigenitus. This anticipated the formation of the League of the Rhineleading to the further diminution of Imperial power.
Etiquette became a means of governing. Alexander VIIIduring his short pontificate, induced Louis to surrender his claim in the matter of the franchises and also published a Bulluntil then reserved, by which Innocent XI had condemned the Declaration of These created in him a lifelong fear of rebellion, and a dislike of Paris, prompting Louis xiv to spend more and more time in Versailles, southwest of Paris.
However, the territory acquired was valuable as it provided France with a defensible northern border. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. The navy, considered a weakness of France, was also modernized and grew from a squadron of 20 ships to a fleet of by He knew well how to make use of them.
In spite of the victories of Luxembourg and Catinat, the war was ruinous for Louis XIV and ended in a peace less glorious than those which had preceded it Peace of Ryswick,forcing him to restore Lorraine and all the cities of the empire outside of Alsace, and to recognize William as King of England.
Under pressure from the English, Swedish and especially the Dutch, France retreated and returned the region to Spain, gaining only some frontier towns in Flanders. Under Colbert commerce, industry, and overseas colonies were developed by state subsidies, tight control over standards of quality, and high protective tariffs.
Louis revoked, or ended, the Treaty of Nantes. The ostentation, gambling, and entertainments did not disappear, but the court, subjected to an outward display of propriety, became suffused with boredom. The long conflict plunged a famine-ridden France into massive debt, turning public opinion against the crown.
A rupture between Louis and the Holy See appeared to be imminent; the king, in convoking the assembly of the clergy for November,threw out some hints of a schism. Thus did all the glories of the reign end in the dangers of a regency. Fearful for his reputation, the king dismissed Mme de Montespan and imposed piety on his entourage.
On the one hand, he called forth the intervention of Alexander VII against the Jansenists see belowwhich would Louis xiv been anomalous if the king had believed that the Bishop of Rome was no more in the Church than any other bishop. The major challenge was that the rich used the out-dated tax clauses to pay the least tax.
Anne interfered much more in internal policy than foreign affairs; she was a very proud queen who insisted on the divine rights of the King of France. At one time, inthe king thought of placing himself at the head of his brave nobility, and burying himself beneath the ruins of his throne.
Know more about the one of the most famous monarchs in history by studying the 10 major accomplishments of Louis XIV. Boislisle Paris, ; Spanheim, Relation de la cour de France ined.Dec 02, · Watch video · Louis XIV Assumes Control of France. After Mazarin’s death inLouis XIV broke with tradition and astonished his court by.
Louis XIV's court adored Hyacinthe Rigaud, who helped to formulate what a state portrait should be. While Rigaud made a credible likeness of the king, his purpose was not to express Louis's character but to glorify the monarchy.
His original Portrait of Louis XIV ofnow in the Louvre, was so popular that Rigaud had many copies made, both in full and half-length formats, often with the. Louis was born on 5 September at St Germain-en-Laye. He became king at the age of four on the death of his father, Louis XIII.
While Louis was a child, his mother, Anne of Austria, served as. The reign of Louis XIV is often referred to as “Le Grand Siècle” (the Great Century), forever associated with the image of an absolute monarch and a strong, centralised state.
The reign of France’s Louis XIV (), known as the Sun King, lasted for 72 years, longer than that of any other known European sovereign. In. Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age.
He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson.Download